Monday, December 29, 2008


"Victory has a thousand fathers; defeat is an orphan." Remarked President John F. Kennedy [1917-1963] in the aftermath of the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, 1961.

However, the quotation is first attributed to Benito Mussolini's [1883-1945] Foreign Minister and son-in-law Count Galeazzo Ciano [1903-1944], who wrote in his World War II diary: "Victory finds a hundred fathers, but defeat is an orphan."